Slender-horned Gazelle

ARKive image GES012984 - Slender-horned gazelle

Scientific name: Gazella leptoceros

IUCN Status: Endangered

Quick Fact:  The male slender-honed gazelle’s horns are long and thin and can reach up to 15 inches in length.

Learn more: visit the Sahara Conservation Fund to learn more about slender-horned gazelles and other imperiled species of the Sahelo-Saharan ecosystems.

Slender-horned gazelles have a small compact build, with the adults weighing 44–66 lbs (20-30 kg).  Both males and females have relatively long horns which are characteristically tall and upright. Gestation in females is around 5.5 months and twins are not uncommon..

Slender-horned gazelle herds normally consist of 2-5 individuals but larger herds of 15-25 have been seen. Their habitat is the major sand seas of the Sahara. They travel freely over dunes, finding food and escaping from threats. They are selective feeders, picking off flowers, fruits and young leaves from the various species of plants found in their habitat. It is likely they range over quite large area depending on the distribution of forage.

Slender-horned gazelles are endangered due to relentless hunting and increased human activity in their ranges which are currently in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia and Algeria. The Sahara Conservation Fund is working to protect these areas, as well as investigating potential habitat in other countries such as Niger, Chad and Sudan.

White Oak historically housed and bred slender-horned gazelles and is preparing to re-establish a herd as part of our ongoing commitment to conservation of some of the earth’s rarest animals.